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إنشاء UICollectionView برمجيا

أبحث عن دليل أو برنامج تعليمي يوضح لي كيفية إعداد UICollectionView بسيط باستخدام الكود فقط.

ايم الخوض من خلال الوثائق على موقع التفاح ، وإيم باستخدام الدليل المرجعي كذلك.

لكنني سأستفيد حقًا من دليل بسيط يمكنه أن يوضح لي كيفية إعداد UICollectionView دون الحاجة إلى استخدام ملفات Twitter أو ملفات XIB/NIB - لكن لسوء الحظ عندما أبحث عنها ، كل ما يمكنني العثور عليه هو برامج تعليمية تعرض لوحة العمل.

168
Jimmery

الملف الاساسي:--

@interface ViewController : UIViewController<UICollectionViewDataSource,UICollectionViewDelegateFlowLayout>
{
    UICollectionView *_collectionView;
}

ملف التنفيذ: -

- (void)viewDidLoad
{
     [super viewDidLoad];
     self.view = [[UIView alloc] initWithFrame:[[UIScreen mainScreen] bounds]];

     UICollectionViewFlowLayout *layout=[[UICollectionViewFlowLayout alloc] init];
    _collectionView=[[UICollectionView alloc] initWithFrame:self.view.frame collectionViewLayout:layout];
    [_collectionView setDataSource:self];
    [_collectionView setDelegate:self];

    [_collectionView registerClass:[UICollectionViewCell class] forCellWithReuseIdentifier:@"cellIdentifier"];
    [_collectionView setBackgroundColor:[UIColor redColor]];

    [self.view addSubview:_collectionView];


    // Do any additional setup after loading the view, typically from a nib.
}

- (NSInteger)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView numberOfItemsInSection:(NSInteger)section
{
    return 15;
}

// The cell that is returned must be retrieved from a call to -dequeueReusableCellWithReuseIdentifier:forIndexPath:
- (UICollectionViewCell *)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView cellForItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath
{
    UICollectionViewCell *cell=[collectionView dequeueReusableCellWithReuseIdentifier:@"cellIdentifier" forIndexPath:indexPath];

    cell.backgroundColor=[UIColor greenColor];
    return cell;
}

- (CGSize)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout*)collectionViewLayout sizeForItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath
{
    return CGSizeMake(50, 50);
}

انتاج---

enter image description here

355
Warewolf

بالنسبة لـ Swift 4 user: -

class TwoViewController: UIViewController, UICollectionViewDataSource, UICollectionViewDelegateFlowLayout, UICollectionViewDelegate {

    override func viewDidLoad() {
        super.viewDidLoad()

        self.collectionView = UICollectionView(frame: self.view.bounds, collectionViewLayout: flowLayout)
        collectionView.register(UICollectionViewCell.self, forCellWithReuseIdentifier: "collectionCell")
        collectionView.delegate = self
        collectionView.dataSource = self
        collectionView.backgroundColor = UIColor.cyan
        self.view.addSubview(collectionView)
    }

    func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, numberOfItemsInSection section: Int) -> Int {
        return 20
    }

    func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, cellForItemAt indexPath: IndexPath) -> UICollectionViewCell {
       var cell = collectionView.dequeueReusableCell(withReuseIdentifier: "collectionCell", for: indexPath as IndexPath)

       cell.backgroundColor = UIColor.green
       return cell
    }

    func collectionView(collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, sizeForItemAtIndexPath indexPath: NSIndexPath) -> CGSize {
        return CGSize(width: 50, height: 50)
    }

    func collectionView(collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, insetForSectionAtIndex section: Int) -> UIEdgeInsets {
        return UIEdgeInsets(top: 5, left: 5, bottom: 5, right: 5)
    }
}
44
Warewolf

لـ Swift 2.0

بدلاً من تطبيق الأساليب المطلوبة لرسم CollectionViewCells:

func collectionView(collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, sizeForItemAtIndexPath indexPath: NSIndexPath) -> CGSize
    {
        return CGSizeMake(50, 50);
    }

    func collectionView(collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, insetForSectionAtIndex section: Int) -> UIEdgeInsets
    {
        return UIEdgeInsetsMake(5, 5, 5, 5); //top,left,bottom,right
    }

استخدم UICollectionViewFlowLayout

func createCollectionView() {
    let flowLayout = UICollectionViewFlowLayout()

    // Now setup the flowLayout required for drawing the cells
    let space = 5.0 as CGFloat

    // Set view cell size
    flowLayout.itemSize = CGSizeMake(50, 50)

    // Set left and right margins
    flowLayout.minimumInteritemSpacing = space

    // Set top and bottom margins
    flowLayout.minimumLineSpacing = space

    // Finally create the CollectionView
    let collectionView = UICollectionView(frame: CGRectMake(10, 10, 300, 400), collectionViewLayout: flowLayout)

    // Then setup delegates, background color etc.
    collectionView?.dataSource = self
    collectionView?.delegate = self
    collectionView?.registerClass(UICollectionViewCell.self, forCellWithReuseIdentifier: "cellID")
    collectionView?.backgroundColor = UIColor.whiteColor()
    self.view.addSubview(collectionView!)
}

ثم قم بتطبيق الأساليب UICollectionViewDataSource كما هو مطلوب:

func collectionView(collectionView: UICollectionView, numberOfItemsInSection section: Int) -> Int {
        return 20;
    }
func collectionView(collectionView: UICollectionView, cellForItemAtIndexPath indexPath: NSIndexPath) -> UICollectionViewCell {
    var cell:UICollectionViewCell=collectionView.dequeueReusableCellWithReuseIdentifier("collectionCell", forIndexPath: indexPath) as UICollectionViewCell;
    cell.backgroundColor = UIColor.greenColor();
    return cell;
}
func numberOfSectionsInCollectionView(collectionView: UICollectionView) -> Int {
    // #warning Incomplete implementation, return the number of sections
    return 1
}
13
YellowPillow

سويفت 3

class TwoViewController: UIViewController, UICollectionViewDataSource, UICollectionViewDelegateFlowLayout, UICollectionViewDelegate {

    override func viewDidLoad() {
        super.viewDidLoad()

        let flowLayout = UICollectionViewFlowLayout()

        let collectionView = UICollectionView(frame: self.view.bounds, collectionViewLayout: flowLayout)
        collectionView.register(UICollectionViewCell.self, forCellWithReuseIdentifier: "collectionCell")
        collectionView.delegate = self
        collectionView.dataSource = self
        collectionView.backgroundColor = UIColor.cyan

        self.view.addSubview(collectionView)
    }

    func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, numberOfItemsInSection section: Int) -> Int
    {
        return 20
    }

    func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, cellForItemAt indexPath: IndexPath) -> UICollectionViewCell
    {
        let cell = collectionView.dequeueReusableCell(withReuseIdentifier: "collectionCell", for: indexPath as IndexPath)

        cell.backgroundColor = UIColor.green
        return cell
    }

    func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, sizeForItemAt indexPath: IndexPath) -> CGSize
    {
        return CGSize(width: 50, height: 50)
    }

    func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, insetForSectionAt section: Int) -> UIEdgeInsets
    {
        return UIEdgeInsets(top: 5, left: 5, bottom: 5, right: 5)
    }

}
8
Alex Shvets
  1. بناء على إجابة Warewolf @ ، فإن الخطوة التالية هي إنشاء خلية مخصصة خاصة بك.

    انتقل إلى File -> New -> File -> User Interface -> Empty -> Call this nib "customNib".

  2. في customNib ، اسحب خلية UICollectionView فيها. أعطها إعادة استخدام معرف الخلية @"Cell".

  3. File -> New -> File -> Cocoa Touch Class -> Class المسمى "CustomCollectionViewCell" فئة فرعية إذا UICollectionViewCell.

  4. ارجع إلى المنقار المخصص ، وانقر فوق الخلية وقم بإجراء هذه الفئة المخصصة "CustomCollectionViewCell".

  5. انتقل إلى viewDidLoadviewcontroller بدلاً من

    [_collectionView registerClass:[UICollectionViewCell class] forCellWithReuseIdentifier:@"cellIdentifier"];

    يملك

    UINib *nib = [UINib nibWithNibName:@"customNib" bundle:nil]; [_collectionView registerNib:nib forCellWithReuseIdentifier:@"Cell"];

  6. أيضًا ، قم بالتغيير (إلى معرف الخلية الجديد)

    UICollectionViewCell *cell=[collectionView dequeueReusableCellWithReuseIdentifier:@"Cell" forIndexPath:indexPath];

5
Ryan Zhou

مستندات Apple:

- (id)initWithFrame:(CGRect)frame 
      collectionViewLayout:(UICollectionViewLayout *)layoutParameters

استخدم هذه الطريقة عند تهيئة كائن عرض مجموعة برمجياً. إذا حددت nil لمعلمة التخطيط ، فيجب عليك تعيين كائن تخطيط لخاصية collectionViewLayout قبل عرض عرض المجموعة على الشاشة. إذا لم تقم بذلك ، فلن يتمكن عرض المجموعة من تقديم أي عناصر على الشاشة.

هذه الطريقة هي المُهيئ المعين.

يتم استخدام هذه الطريقة لتهيئة UICollectionView. هنا يمكنك توفير إطار وكائن UICollectionViewLayout.

UICollectionViewFlowLayout *layout = [[UICollectionViewFlowLayout alloc]init];

في النهاية ، أضف UICollectionView كـ subview إلى طريقة العرض الخاصة بك.

الآن جمع عرض يضاف الموالية نحويا. يمكنك الذهاب في التعلم.
سعيد التعلم! آمل أن يساعدك.

1
Puneet Sharma
    #pragma mark -
    #pragma mark - UICollectionView Datasource and Delegates

    -(NSInteger)numberOfSectionsInCollectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView
    {
        return 1;
    }

    -(NSInteger)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView numberOfItemsInSection:(NSInteger)section
    {
        return Arr_AllCulturalButtler.count;
    }

    -(UICollectionViewCell *)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView cellForItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath
    {
        static NSString *[email protected]"FromCulturalbutlerCollectionViewCell";
        FromCulturalbutlerCollectionViewCell *cell=[collectionView dequeueReusableCellWithReuseIdentifier:coll forIndexPath:indexPath];
        cell.lbl_categoryname.text=[[Arr_AllCulturalButtler objectAtIndex:indexPath.row] Category_name];
        cell.lbl_date.text=[[Arr_AllCulturalButtler objectAtIndex:indexPath.row] event_Start_date];
        cell.lbl_location.text=[[Arr_AllCulturalButtler objectAtIndex:indexPath.row] Location_name];
        [cell.Img_Event setImageWithURL:[APPDELEGATE getURLForMediumSizeImage:[(EventObj *)[Arr_AllCulturalButtler objectAtIndex:indexPath.row] Event_image_name]] placeholderImage:nil usingActivityIndicatorStyle:UIActivityIndicatorViewStyleGray];
        cell.button_Bookmark.selected=[[Arr_AllCulturalButtler objectAtIndex:indexPath.row] Event_is_bookmarked];
        [cell.button_Bookmark addTarget:self action:@selector(btn_bookmarkClicked:) forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
        cell.button_Bookmark.tag=indexPath.row;


        return cell;
    }
    - (void)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView didSelectItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath
    {

        [self performSegueWithIdentifier:SEGUE_CULTURALBUTLER_KULTURELLIS_DETAIL sender:self];
    }

// stroy board navigation
- (void)prepareForSegue:(UIStoryboardSegue *)segue sender:(id)sender
{
    if ([segue.identifier isEqualToString:@"Overview_Register"])
    {
        WDRegisterViewController *obj=(WDRegisterViewController *)[segue destinationViewController];
        [email protected]"Edit Profile";
        obj.isRegister=NO;
    }
}

            [self performSegueWithIdentifier:@"Overview_Measure" sender:nil];



    UIStoryboard *sb = [UIStoryboard storyboardWithName:@"Main" bundle:nil];
    WDPeekViewController *Peek = (WDPeekViewController *)[sb instantiateViewControllerWithIdentifier:@"WDPeekViewController"];
 [self.navigationController pushViewController:tabBarController animated:YES];
0
Quality Analyst

عرض جمع الامتحان

    #import "CollectionViewController.h"
#import "BuyViewController.h"
#import "CollectionViewCell.h"

@interface CollectionViewController ()
{
    NSArray *mobiles;
    NSArray  *costumes;
    NSArray *shoes;
    NSInteger selectpath;
    NSArray *mobilerate;
    NSArray *costumerate;
    NSArray *shoerate;
}
@end

@implementation CollectionViewController

- (void)viewDidLoad
{
    [super viewDidLoad];
    self.title = self.receivename;
    mobiles = [[NSArray alloc]initWithObjects:@"7.jpg",@"6.jpg",@"5.jpg", nil];
    costumes = [[NSArray alloc]initWithObjects:@"shirt.jpg",@"costume2.jpg",@"costume1.jpg", nil];
    shoes = [[NSArray alloc]initWithObjects:@"shoe.jpg",@"shoe1.jpg",@"shoe2.jpg", nil];
    mobilerate = [[NSArray alloc]initWithObjects:@"10000",@"11000",@"13000",nil];
    costumerate = [[NSArray alloc]initWithObjects:@"699",@"999",@"899", nil];
    shoerate = [[NSArray alloc]initWithObjects:@"599",@"499",@"300", nil];
}
- (void)didReceiveMemoryWarning
{
    [super didReceiveMemoryWarning];
}

-(NSInteger)numberOfSectionsInCollectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView
{
    return 1;
}
-(NSInteger)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView numberOfItemsInSection:(NSInteger)section
{
    return 3;
}
-(UICollectionViewCell *)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView cellForItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath
{
    static NSString *cellId = @"cell";
    UICollectionViewCell *cell = [collectionView dequeueReusableCellWithReuseIdentifier:cellId forIndexPath:indexPath];

    UIImageView *collectionImg = (UIImageView *)[cell viewWithTag:100];

    if ([self.receivename isEqualToString:@"Mobiles"])
    {
        collectionImg.image = [UIImage imageNamed:[mobiles objectAtIndex:indexPath.row]];
    }
    else if ([self.receivename isEqualToString:@"Costumes"])
    {
        collectionImg.image = [UIImage imageNamed:[costumes objectAtIndex:indexPath.row]];
    }
    else
    {
        collectionImg.image = [UIImage imageNamed:[shoes objectAtIndex:indexPath.row]];
    }
    return cell;
}

-(void)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView didSelectItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath

{
    selectpath = indexPath.row;
    [self performSegueWithIdentifier:@"buynow" sender:self];
}

    // In a storyboard-based application, you will often want to do a little
- (void)prepareForSegue:(UIStoryboardSegue *)segue sender:(id)sender
{
    if ([segue.identifier isEqualToString:@"buynow"])
    {
        BuyViewController *obj = segue.destinationViewController;
        if ([self.receivename isEqualToString:@"Mobiles"])
        {
            obj.reciveimg = [mobiles objectAtIndex:selectpath];
            obj.labelrecive = [mobilerate objectAtIndex:selectpath];

        }
        else if ([self.receivename isEqualToString:@"Costumes"])
        {
            obj.reciveimg = [costumes objectAtIndex:selectpath];
            obj.labelrecive = [costumerate objectAtIndex:selectpath];
        }
        else
        {
            obj.reciveimg = [shoes objectAtIndex:selectpath];
            obj.labelrecive = [shoerate objectAtIndex:selectpath];
        }
        //     Get the new view controller using [segue destinationViewController].
        //     Pass the selected object to the new view controller.
    }
}

@end

.h ملف

@interface CollectionViewController :
UIViewController<UICollectionViewDelegate,UICollectionViewDataSource>
@property (strong, nonatomic) IBOutlet UICollectionView *collectionView;
@property (strong,nonatomic) NSString *receiveimg;
@property (strong,nonatomic) NSString *receivecostume;
@property (strong,nonatomic)NSString *receivename;

@end
0
sasidharan.M