it-swarm.dev

IHttpActionResult를 반환 할 때 웹 API 작업 방법을 단위 테스트하려면 어떻게합니까?

이것이 나의 행동 방법이라고 가정 해 봅시다

public IHttpActionResult Get(int id)
{
    var status = GetSomething(id);
    if (status)
    {
        return Ok();
    }
    else
    {
        return NotFound();
    }
}

테스트는

var httpActionResult = controller.Get(1);

이 후 http 상태 코드를 어떻게 확인합니까?

126
sunil

여기서 Ok()은 응답 상태를 HttpStatusCode.Ok로 설정하는 OkResult 유형의 헬퍼 일 뿐이므로 작업 결과의 인스턴스가 OkResult인지 확인할 수 있습니다 ... XUnit로 작성) :

// if your action returns: NotFound()
IHttpActionResult actionResult = valuesController.Get(10);
Assert.IsType<NotFoundResult>(actionResult);

// if your action returns: Ok()
actionResult = valuesController.Get(11);
Assert.IsType<OkResult>(actionResult);

// if your action was returning data in the body like: Ok<string>("data: 12")
actionResult = valuesController.Get(12);
OkNegotiatedContentResult<string> conNegResult = Assert.IsType<OkNegotiatedContentResult<string>>(actionResult);
Assert.Equal("data: 12", conNegResult.Content);

// if your action was returning data in the body like: Content<string>(HttpStatusCode.Accepted, "some updated data");
actionResult = valuesController.Get(13);
NegotiatedContentResult<string> negResult = Assert.IsType<NegotiatedContentResult<string>>(actionResult);
Assert.Equal(HttpStatusCode.Accepted, negResult.StatusCode);
Assert.Equal("some updated data", negResult.Content);
183
Kiran Challa

죽은 질문을 부활시킬 시간

현재 답변은 모두 응답 객체를 알려진 유형으로 캐스팅하는 데 의존합니다. 불행히도 응답에는 컨트롤러 구현에 대한 친밀한 지식 없이도 작동하기 위해 사용 가능한 계층 구조 또는 암시 적 변환 경로가없는 것 같습니다. 다음을 고려하세요:

public class MixedCodeStandardController : ApiController {

    public readonly object _data = new Object();

    public IHttpActionResult Get() {
        return Ok(_data);
    }

    public IHttpActionResult Get(int id) {
        return Content(HttpStatusCode.Success, _data);
    }
}

수업 테스트 :

var testController = new MixedCodeStandardController();

var getResult = testController.Get();
var posRes = getResult as OkNegotiatedContentResult<object>;
Assert.IsType<OkNegotiatedContentResult<object>>(getResult);
Assert.AreEqual(HttpStatusCode.Success, posRes.StatusCode);
Assert.AreEqual(testController._data, posRes.Content);

var idResult = testController.Get(1);
var oddRes = getResult as OkNegotiatedContentResult<object>; // oddRes is null
Assert.IsType<OkNegotiatedContentResult<object>>(idResult); // throws failed assertion
Assert.AreEqual(HttpStatusCode.Success, oddRes.StatusCode); // throws for null ref
Assert.AreEqual(testController._data, oddRes.Content); // throws for null ref

블랙 박스 외부에서 응답 스트림은 본질적으로 동일합니다. 테스트는 컨트롤러가 이런 식으로 테스트하기 위해 리턴 호출을 구현 한 방법을 알아야합니다.

대신, 반환 된 IHttpActionResult에서 HttpResponseMessage 객체를 사용하십시오. 이를 통해 컨트롤러 코드가 다음과 같은 경우에도 테스트를 일관성있게 유지할 수 있습니다.

var testController = new MixedCodeStandardController();

var getResult = testController.Get();
var getResponse = getResult.ExecuteAsync(CancellationToken.None).Result;
Assert.IsTrue(getResponse.IsSuccessStatusCode);
Assert.AreEqual(HttpStatusCode.Success, getResponse.StatusCode);

var idResult = testController.Get(1);
var idResponse = idResult.ExecuteAsync(CancellationToken.None).Result;
Assert.IsTrue(idResponse.IsSuccessStatusCode);
Assert.AreEqual(HttpStatusCode.Success, idResponse.StatusCode);
27
psaxton

이것은 Kiran Challa가 NUnit에 맞게 채택한 답변입니다.

var valuesController = controller;
// if your action returns: NotFound()
IHttpActionResult actionResult = valuesController.Get(10);
var notFoundRes = actionResult as NotFoundResult;
Assert.IsNotNull(notFoundRes);

// if your action returns: Ok()
actionResult = valuesController.Get(11);
var posRes = actionResult as OkResult;
Assert.IsNotNull(posRes);

// if your action was returning data in the body like: Ok<string>("data: 12")
actionResult = valuesController.Get(12);
var conNegResult = actionResult as OkNegotiatedContentResult<string>;
Assert.IsNotNull(conNegResult);
Assert.AreEqual("data: 12", conNegResult.Content);

// if your action was returning data in the body like: Content<string>(HttpStatusCode.Accepted, "some updated data");
actionResult = valuesController.Get(13);
var negResult = actionResult as NegotiatedContentResult<string>;
Assert.IsNotNull(negResult);
Assert.AreEqual(HttpStatusCode.Accepted, negResult.StatusCode);
Assert.AreEqual("some updated data", negResult.Content);
14
Stanislav
5
Kenmeister

IHttpActionResult에 JSON 객체가 포함 된 경우 (예 : { "토큰": "A"}, 다음 코드를 사용할 수 있습니다.

        var result = usercontroller.GetLogin("user", "password");
        Assert.IsInstanceOfType(result, typeof(OkNegotiatedContentResult<Dictionary<string,string>>));
        var content = result as OkNegotiatedContentResult<Dictionary<string, string> >;
        Assert.AreEqual("A", content.Content["token"]);
1
Mickey

몇 시간의 연구와 노력 끝에 마침내 IHttpActionResult을 반환하고 OWIN 미들웨어와 기본 ASP.NET Identity 구현을 사용하는 Web API 2 메소드를 완전히 테스트하는 방법을 알아 냈습니다.

다음 ApiController에서 Get() 방법을 테스트하겠습니다.

public class AccountController : ApiController
{
    private ApplicationUserManager _userManager;
    public ApplicationUserManager UserManager => _userManager ?? HttpContext.Current.GetOwinContext().GetUserManager<ApplicationUserManager>();

    [Route("api/account"), HttpGet]
    public async Task<IHttpActionResult> Get()
    {
        var user = await UserManager.FindByIdAsync(User.Identity.GetUserId());
        if (user == null)
        {
            ModelState.AddModelError(ModelStateConstants.Errors, "Account not found! Try logging out and in again.");
            return BadRequest(ModelState);
        }

        var roles = await UserManager.GetRolesAsync(user.Id);

        var accountModel = new AccountViewModel
        {
            FullName = user.FullName,
            Email = user.Email,
            Phone = user.PhoneNumber,
            Organization = user.Organization.Name,
            Role = string.Join(", ", roles)
        };

        return Ok(accountModel);
    }

    protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)
    {
        if (disposing)
        {
            if (_userManager != null)
            {
                _userManager.Dispose();
                _userManager = null;
            }
        }

        base.Dispose(disposing);
    }
}

모든 테스트 클래스가 상속 할 기본 클래스로 시작하십시오.

public class BaseTest
{
    protected static User CurrentUser;
    protected static IList<string> Roles;

    public BaseTest()
    {
        var email = "[email protected]";

        CurrentUser = new User
        {
            FullName = "Unit Tester",
            Email = email,
            UserName = email,
            PhoneNumber = "123456",
            Organization = new Organization
            {
                Name = "Test Organization"
            }
        };

        Roles = new List<string>
        {
            "Administrator"
        };
    }

    protected void InitializeApiController(ApiController apiController)
    {
        //Init fake controller Http and Identity data
        var config = new HttpConfiguration();
        var request = new HttpRequestMessage();
        var routeData = new HttpRouteData(new HttpRoute(""));
        apiController.ControllerContext = new HttpControllerContext(config, routeData, request)
        {
            Configuration = config
        };

        apiController.User = new GenericPrincipal(new GenericIdentity(""), new[] { "" });

        //Initialize Mocks
        var appUserMgrMock = GetMockedApplicationUserManager();
        var appSignInMgr = GetMockedApplicationSignInManager(appUserMgrMock);
        var appDbContext = GetMockedApplicationDbContext();

        //Configure HttpContext.Current.GetOwinContext to return mocks
        var owin = new OwinContext();
        owin.Set(appUserMgrMock.Object);
        owin.Set(appSignInMgr.Object);
        owin.Set(appDbContext.Object);

        HttpContext.Current = new HttpContext(new HttpRequest(null, "http://test.com", null), new HttpResponse(null));
        HttpContext.Current.Items["owin.Environment"] = owin.Environment;
    }

    private static Mock<ApplicationSignInManager> GetMockedApplicationSignInManager(Mock<ApplicationUserManager> appUserMgrMock)
    {
        var authMgr = new Mock<Microsoft.Owin.Security.IAuthenticationManager>();
        var appSignInMgr = new Mock<ApplicationSignInManager>(appUserMgrMock.Object, authMgr.Object);

        return appSignInMgr;
    }

    private Mock<ApplicationUserManager> GetMockedApplicationUserManager()
    {
        var userStore = new Mock<IUserStore<User>>();
        var appUserMgr = new Mock<ApplicationUserManager>(userStore.Object);
        appUserMgr.Setup(aum => aum.FindByIdAsync(It.IsAny<string>())).ReturnsAsync(CurrentUser);
        appUserMgr.Setup(aum => aum.GetRolesAsync(It.IsAny<string>())).ReturnsAsync(Roles);

        return appUserMgr;
    }

    private static Mock<ApplicationDbContext> GetMockedApplicationDbContext()
    {
        var dbContext = new Mock<ApplicationDbContext>();
        dbContext.Setup(dbc => dbc.Users).Returns(MockedUsersDbSet);

        return dbContext;
    }

    private static IDbSet<User> MockedUsersDbSet()
    {
        var users = new List<User>
        {
            CurrentUser,
            new User
            {
                FullName = "Testguy #1",
                Email = "[email protected]",
                UserName = "[email protected]",
                PhoneNumber = "123456",
                Organization = new Organization
                {
                    Name = "Test Organization"
                }
            }
        }.AsQueryable();

        var usersMock = new Mock<DbSet<User>>();
        usersMock.As<IQueryable<User>>().Setup(m => m.Provider).Returns(users.Provider);
        usersMock.As<IQueryable<User>>().Setup(m => m.Expression).Returns(users.Expression);
        usersMock.As<IQueryable<User>>().Setup(m => m.ElementType).Returns(users.ElementType);
        usersMock.As<IQueryable<User>>().Setup(m => m.GetEnumerator()).Returns(users.GetEnumerator);

        return usersMock.Object;
    }
}

InitializeApiController 방법은 고기와 감자를 포함합니다.

이제 AccountController에 대한 테스트를 작성할 수 있습니다.

public class AccountControllerTests : BaseTest
{
    private readonly AccountController _accountController;

    public AccountControllerTests()
    {
        _accountController = new AccountController();
        InitializeApiController(_accountController);
    }

    [Test]
    public async Task GetShouldReturnOk()
    {
        var result = await _accountController.Get();
        var response = await result.ExecuteAsync(CancellationToken.None);
        Assert.AreEqual(HttpStatusCode.OK, response.StatusCode);
    }
}

모든 것이 작동하려면 Microsoft.OWIN.*Microsoft.AspNet.* 패키지 묶음을 설치해야합니다. 여기에 packages.config을 붙여 넣을 것입니다.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<packages>
  <package id="Castle.Core" version="4.3.1" targetFramework="net472" />
  <package id="EntityFramework" version="6.2.0" targetFramework="net472" />
  <package id="Microsoft.AspNet.Identity.Core" version="2.2.2" targetFramework="net472" />
  <package id="Microsoft.AspNet.Identity.EntityFramework" version="2.2.2" targetFramework="net472" />
  <package id="Microsoft.AspNet.Identity.Owin" version="2.2.2" targetFramework="net472" />
  <package id="Microsoft.AspNet.WebApi.Client" version="5.2.7" targetFramework="net472" />
  <package id="Microsoft.AspNet.WebApi.Core" version="5.2.7" targetFramework="net472" />
  <package id="Microsoft.AspNet.WebApi.Owin" version="5.2.7" targetFramework="net472" />
  <package id="Microsoft.Owin" version="4.0.1" targetFramework="net472" />
  <package id="Microsoft.Owin.Host.SystemWeb" version="4.0.1" targetFramework="net472" />
  <package id="Microsoft.Owin.Security" version="4.0.1" targetFramework="net472" />
  <package id="Microsoft.Owin.Security.Cookies" version="4.0.1" targetFramework="net472" />
  <package id="Microsoft.Owin.Security.OAuth" version="4.0.1" targetFramework="net472" />
  <package id="Moq" version="4.10.1" targetFramework="net472" />
  <package id="Newtonsoft.Json" version="12.0.1" targetFramework="net472" />
  <package id="NUnit" version="3.11.0" targetFramework="net472" />
  <package id="Owin" version="1.0" targetFramework="net472" />
  <package id="System.Runtime.CompilerServices.Unsafe" version="4.5.2" targetFramework="net472" />
  <package id="System.Threading.Tasks.Extensions" version="4.5.2" targetFramework="net472" />
</packages>

테스트는 매우 간단하지만 모든 것이 작동한다는 것을 보여줍니다 :-)

행복한 테스트!

1
Shahin Dohan