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Como você pode alterar as configurações de rede (endereço IP, DNS, WINS, nome do host) com código em c #

Estou desenvolvendo um assistente para uma máquina que deve ser usada como backup de outras máquinas. Quando ele substitui uma máquina existente, ela precisa definir seu endereço IP, DNS, WINS e nome do host para corresponder à máquina que está sendo substituída.

Existe uma biblioteca em .net (c #) que me permite fazer isso programaticamente?

Existem várias NICs, cada uma delas precisa ser configurada individualmente.

EDIT

Obrigado TimothyP por seu exemplo. Isso me fez seguir em frente e a resposta rápida foi incrível.

Obrigado balexandre . Seu código é perfeito. Eu estava em um Rush e já havia adaptado o exemplo do TimothyP, mas eu adoraria ter o seu código mais cedo.

Eu também desenvolvi uma rotina usando técnicas semelhantes para alterar o nome do computador. Vou postar no futuro para se inscrever para estas perguntas RSS feed se você quiser ser informado da atualização. Eu posso levantá-lo mais tarde hoje ou na segunda-feira depois de um pouco de limpeza.

63
Chasler

Apenas fiz isso em poucos minutos:

using System;
using System.Management;

namespace WindowsFormsApplication_CS
{
  class NetworkManagement
  {
    public void setIP(string ip_address, string subnet_mask)
    {
      ManagementClass objMC =
        new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration");
      ManagementObjectCollection objMOC = objMC.GetInstances();

      foreach (ManagementObject objMO in objMOC)
      {
        if ((bool)objMO["IPEnabled"])
        {
          ManagementBaseObject setIP;
          ManagementBaseObject newIP =
            objMO.GetMethodParameters("EnableStatic");

          newIP["IPAddress"] = new string[] { ip_address };
          newIP["SubnetMask"] = new string[] { subnet_mask };

          setIP = objMO.InvokeMethod("EnableStatic", newIP, null);
        }
      }
    }

    public void setGateway(string gateway)
    {
      ManagementClass objMC = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration");
      ManagementObjectCollection objMOC = objMC.GetInstances();

      foreach (ManagementObject objMO in objMOC)
      {
        if ((bool)objMO["IPEnabled"])
        {
          ManagementBaseObject setGateway;
          ManagementBaseObject newGateway =
            objMO.GetMethodParameters("SetGateways");

          newGateway["DefaultIPGateway"] = new string[] { gateway };
          newGateway["GatewayCostMetric"] = new int[] { 1 };

          setGateway = objMO.InvokeMethod("SetGateways", newGateway, null);
        }
      }
    }

    public void setDNS(string NIC, string DNS)
    {
      ManagementClass objMC = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration");
      ManagementObjectCollection objMOC = objMC.GetInstances();

      foreach (ManagementObject objMO in objMOC)
      {
        if ((bool)objMO["IPEnabled"])
        {
          // if you are using the System.Net.NetworkInformation.NetworkInterface
          // you'll need to change this line to
          // if (objMO["Caption"].ToString().Contains(NIC))
          // and pass in the Description property instead of the name 
          if (objMO["Caption"].Equals(NIC))
          {
            ManagementBaseObject newDNS =
              objMO.GetMethodParameters("SetDNSServerSearchOrder");
            newDNS["DNSServerSearchOrder"] = DNS.Split(',');
            ManagementBaseObject setDNS =
              objMO.InvokeMethod("SetDNSServerSearchOrder", newDNS, null);
          }
        }
      }
    }

    public void setWINS(string NIC, string priWINS, string secWINS)
    {
      ManagementClass objMC = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration");
      ManagementObjectCollection objMOC = objMC.GetInstances();

      foreach (ManagementObject objMO in objMOC)
      {
        if ((bool)objMO["IPEnabled"])
        {
          if (objMO["Caption"].Equals(NIC))
          {
            ManagementBaseObject setWINS;
            ManagementBaseObject wins =
            objMO.GetMethodParameters("SetWINSServer");
            wins.SetPropertyValue("WINSPrimaryServer", priWINS);
            wins.SetPropertyValue("WINSSecondaryServer", secWINS);

            setWINS = objMO.InvokeMethod("SetWINSServer", wins, null);
          }
        }
      }
    } 
  }
}
80
balexandre

Refatorou o código de balexandre um pouco para que os objetos sejam descartados e os novos recursos de linguagem do C # 3.5+ sejam usados ​​(Linq, var, etc). Também renomeou as variáveis ​​para nomes mais significativos. Eu também mesclei algumas das funções para poder fazer mais configurações com menos interação WMI. Eu removi o código WINS porque não preciso mais configurar WINS. Sinta-se à vontade para adicionar o código WINS, se precisar.

No caso de alguém gostar de usar o código refatorado/modernizado, eu o coloquei de volta na comunidade aqui.

/// <summary>
/// Helper class to set networking configuration like IP address, DNS servers, etc.
/// </summary>
public class NetworkConfigurator
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Set's a new IP Address and it's Submask of the local machine
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="ipAddress">The IP Address</param>
    /// <param name="subnetMask">The Submask IP Address</param>
    /// <param name="gateway">The gateway.</param>
    /// <remarks>Requires a reference to the System.Management namespace</remarks>
    public void SetIP(string ipAddress, string subnetMask, string gateway)
    {
        using (var networkConfigMng = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration"))
        {
            using (var networkConfigs = networkConfigMng.GetInstances())
            {
                foreach (var managementObject in networkConfigs.Cast<ManagementObject>().Where(managementObject => (bool)managementObject["IPEnabled"]))
                {
                    using (var newIP = managementObject.GetMethodParameters("EnableStatic"))
                    {
                        // Set new IP address and subnet if needed
                        if ((!String.IsNullOrEmpty(ipAddress)) || (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(subnetMask)))
                        {
                            if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(ipAddress))
                            {
                                newIP["IPAddress"] = new[] { ipAddress };
                            }

                            if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(subnetMask))
                            {
                                newIP["SubnetMask"] = new[] { subnetMask };
                            }

                            managementObject.InvokeMethod("EnableStatic", newIP, null);
                        }

                        // Set mew gateway if needed
                        if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(gateway))
                        {
                            using (var newGateway = managementObject.GetMethodParameters("SetGateways"))
                            {
                                newGateway["DefaultIPGateway"] = new[] { gateway };
                                newGateway["GatewayCostMetric"] = new[] { 1 };
                                managementObject.InvokeMethod("SetGateways", newGateway, null);
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Set's the DNS Server of the local machine
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="nic">NIC address</param>
    /// <param name="dnsServers">Comma seperated list of DNS server addresses</param>
    /// <remarks>Requires a reference to the System.Management namespace</remarks>
    public void SetNameservers(string nic, string dnsServers)
    {
        using (var networkConfigMng = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration"))
        {
            using (var networkConfigs = networkConfigMng.GetInstances())
            {
                foreach (var managementObject in networkConfigs.Cast<ManagementObject>().Where(objMO => (bool)objMO["IPEnabled"] && objMO["Caption"].Equals(nic)))
                {
                    using (var newDNS = managementObject.GetMethodParameters("SetDNSServerSearchOrder"))
                    {
                        newDNS["DNSServerSearchOrder"] = dnsServers.Split(',');
                        managementObject.InvokeMethod("SetDNSServerSearchOrder", newDNS, null);
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
24
Marc

Eu espero que você não se importe de eu te enviar um exemplo, Mas este é realmente um exemplo perfeito: http://www.codeproject.com/KB/cs/oazswitchnetconfig. aspx

11
TimothyP

Eu gosto da solução WMILinq. Embora não seja exatamente a solução para o seu problema, descubra abaixo um exemplo disso:

using (WmiContext context = new WmiContext(@"\\.")) {

  context.ManagementScope.Options.Impersonation = ImpersonationLevel.Impersonate;
  context.Log = Console.Out;

  var dnss = from nic in context.Source<Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration>()
          where nic.IPEnabled
          select nic;

  var ips = from s in dnss.SelectMany(dns => dns.DNSServerSearchOrder)
          select IPAddress.Parse(s);
}  

http://www.codeplex.com/linq2wmi

5
LukeSkywalker

Mudança de IP dinâmico em C # é muito fácil ...

Por favor, veja o código abaixo e visite: http://microsoftdotnetsolutions.blogspot.in/2012/12/dynamic-ip-change-in-c.html

1
sai

Isso talvez seja mais claro:

static NetworkInterface GetNetworkInterface(string macAddress)
{
    foreach(NetworkInterface ni in NetworkInterface.GetAllNetworkInterfaces())
    {
        if (macAddress == ni.GetPhysicalAddress().ToString())
            return ni;
    }
    return null;
}
static ManagementObject GetNetworkInterfaceManagementObject(string macAddress)
{
    NetworkInterface ni = GetNetworkInterface(macAddress);
    if (ni == null)
        return null;
    ManagementClass managementClass = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration");
    ManagementObjectCollection moc = managementClass.GetInstances();
    foreach(ManagementObject mo in moc)
    {
        if (mo["settingID"].ToString() == ni.Id)
            return mo;
    }
    return null;
}
static bool SetupNIC(string macAddress, string ip, string subnet, string gateway, string dns)
{
    try
    {
        ManagementObject mo = GetNetworkInterfaceManagementObject(macAddress);

        //Set IP
        ManagementBaseObject mboIP = mo.GetMethodParameters("EnableStatic");
        mboIP["IPAddress"] = new string[] { ip };
        mboIP["SubnetMask"] = new string[] { subnet };
        mo.InvokeMethod("EnableStatic", mboIP, null);

        //Set Gateway
        ManagementBaseObject mboGateway = mo.GetMethodParameters("SetGateways");
        mboGateway["DefaultIPGateway"] = new string[] { gateway };
        mboGateway["GatewayCostMetric"] = new int[] { 1 };
        mo.InvokeMethod("SetGateways", mboGateway, null);

        //Set DNS
        ManagementBaseObject mboDNS = mo.GetMethodParameters("SetDNSServerSearchOrder");
        mboDNS["DNSServerSearchOrder"] = new string[] { dns };
        mo.InvokeMethod("SetDNSServerSearchOrder", mboDNS, null);

        return true;
    }
    catch (Exception e)
    {
        return false;
    }
}
0
Vova

Uma solução muito mais clara é usar o comando netsh para alterar o IP (ou defini-lo de volta para DHCP)

netsh interface ip set address "Local Area Connection" static 192.168.0.10 255.255.255.0

Aqui estão dois métodos para definir o IP e também para definir o IP de volta ao DHCP "Obter um endereço IP automaticamente"

public bool SetIP(string networkInterfaceName, string ipAddress, string subnetMask, string gateway = null)
{
    var networkInterface = NetworkInterface.GetAllNetworkInterfaces().FirstOrDefault(nw => nw.Name == networkInterfaceName);
    var ipProperties = networkInterface.GetIPProperties();
    var ipInfo = ipProperties.UnicastAddresses.FirstOrDefault(ip => ip.Address.AddressFamily == AddressFamily.InterNetwork);
    var currentIPaddress = ipInfo.Address.ToString();
    var currentSubnetMask = ipInfo.IPv4Mask.ToString();
    var isDHCPenabled = ipProperties.GetIPv4Properties().IsDhcpEnabled;

    if (!isDHCPenabled && currentIPaddress == ipAddress && currentSubnetMask == subnetMask)
        return true;    // no change necessary

    var process = new Process
    {
        StartInfo = new ProcessStartInfo("netsh", $"interface ip set address \"{networkInterfaceName}\" static {ipAddress} {subnetMask}" + (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(gateway) ? "" : $"{gateway} 1")) { Verb = "runas" }
    };
    process.Start();
    var successful = process.ExitCode == 0;
    process.Dispose();
    return successful;
}

public bool SetDHCP(string networkInterfaceName)
{
    var networkInterface = NetworkInterface.GetAllNetworkInterfaces().FirstOrDefault(nw => nw.Name == networkInterfaceName);
    var ipProperties = networkInterface.GetIPProperties();
    var isDHCPenabled = ipProperties.GetIPv4Properties().IsDhcpEnabled;

    if (isDHCPenabled)
        return true;    // no change necessary

    var process = new Process
    {
        StartInfo = new ProcessStartInfo("netsh", $"interface ip set address \"{networkInterfaceName}\" dhcp") { Verb = "runas" }
    };
    process.Start();
    var successful = process.ExitCode == 0;
    process.Dispose();
    return successful;
}
0
Apfelkuacha

Um exemplo um pouco mais conciso que se baseia nas outras respostas aqui. Eu aproveitei a geração de código que é fornecida com o Visual Studio para remover a maior parte do código de chamada extra e substituí-lo por objetos digitados.

    using System;
    using System.Management;

    namespace Utils
    {
        class NetworkManagement
        {
            /// <summary>
            /// Returns a list of all the network interface class names that are currently enabled in the system
            /// </summary>
            /// <returns>list of nic names</returns>
            public static string[] GetAllNicDescriptions()
            {
                List<string> nics = new List<string>();

                using (var networkConfigMng = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration"))
                {
                    using (var networkConfigs = networkConfigMng.GetInstances())
                    {
                        foreach (var config in networkConfigs.Cast<ManagementObject>()
                                                                           .Where(mo => (bool)mo["IPEnabled"])
                                                                           .Select(x=> new NetworkAdapterConfiguration(x)))
                        {
                            nics.Add(config.Description);
                        }
                    }
                }

                return nics.ToArray();
            }

            /// <summary>
            /// Set's the DNS Server of the local machine
            /// </summary>
            /// <param name="nicDescription">The full description of the network interface class</param>
            /// <param name="dnsServers">Comma seperated list of DNS server addresses</param>
            /// <remarks>Requires a reference to the System.Management namespace</remarks>
            public static bool SetNameservers(string nicDescription, string[] dnsServers, bool restart = false)
            {
                using (ManagementClass networkConfigMng = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration"))
                {
                    using (ManagementObjectCollection networkConfigs = networkConfigMng.GetInstances())
                    {
                        foreach (ManagementObject mboDNS in networkConfigs.Cast<ManagementObject>().Where(mo => (bool)mo["IPEnabled"] && (string)mo["Description"] == nicDescription))
                        {
                            // NAC class was generated by opening a developer console and entering:
                            // mgmtclassgen Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration -p NetworkAdapterConfiguration.cs
                            // See: http://blog.opennetcf.com/2008/06/24/disableenable-network-connections-under-Vista/

                            using (NetworkAdapterConfiguration config = new NetworkAdapterConfiguration(mboDNS))
                            {
                                if (config.SetDNSServerSearchOrder(dnsServers) == 0)
                                {
                                    RestartNetworkAdapter(nicDescription);
                                }
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }

                return false;
            }

            /// <summary>
            /// Restarts a given Network adapter
            /// </summary>
            /// <param name="nicDescription">The full description of the network interface class</param>
            public static void RestartNetworkAdapter(string nicDescription)
            {
                using (ManagementClass networkConfigMng = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapter"))
                {
                    using (ManagementObjectCollection networkConfigs = networkConfigMng.GetInstances())
                    {
                        foreach (ManagementObject mboDNS in networkConfigs.Cast<ManagementObject>().Where(mo=> (string)mo["Description"] == nicDescription))
                        {
                            // NA class was generated by opening dev console and entering
                            // mgmtclassgen Win32_NetworkAdapter -p NetworkAdapter.cs
                            using (NetworkAdapter adapter = new NetworkAdapter(mboDNS))
                            {
                                adapter.Disable();
                                adapter.Enable();
                                Thread.Sleep(4000); // Wait a few secs until exiting, this will give the NIC enough time to re-connect
                                return;
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
            }

            /// <summary>
            /// Get's the DNS Server of the local machine
            /// </summary>
            /// <param name="nicDescription">The full description of the network interface class</param>
            public static string[] GetNameservers(string nicDescription)
            {
                using (var networkConfigMng = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration"))
                {
                    using (var networkConfigs = networkConfigMng.GetInstances())
                    {
                        foreach (var config  in networkConfigs.Cast<ManagementObject>()
                                                              .Where(mo => (bool)mo["IPEnabled"] && (string)mo["Description"] == nicDescription)
                                                              .Select( x => new NetworkAdapterConfiguration(x)))
                        {
                            return config.DNSServerSearchOrder;
                        }
                    }
                }

                return null;
            }

            /// <summary>
            /// Set's a new IP Address and it's Submask of the local machine
            /// </summary>
            /// <param name="nicDescription">The full description of the network interface class</param>
            /// <param name="ipAddresses">The IP Address</param>
            /// <param name="subnetMask">The Submask IP Address</param>
            /// <param name="gateway">The gateway.</param>
            /// <remarks>Requires a reference to the System.Management namespace</remarks>
            public static void SetIP(string nicDescription, string[] ipAddresses, string subnetMask, string gateway)
            {
                using (var networkConfigMng = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration"))
                {
                    using (var networkConfigs = networkConfigMng.GetInstances())
                    {
                        foreach (var config in networkConfigs.Cast<ManagementObject>()
                                                                       .Where(mo => (bool)mo["IPEnabled"] && (string)mo["Description"] == nicDescription)
                                                                       .Select( x=> new NetworkAdapterConfiguration(x)))
                        {
                            // Set the new IP and subnet masks if needed
                            config.EnableStatic(ipAddresses, Array.ConvertAll(ipAddresses, _ => subnetMask));

                            // Set mew gateway if needed
                            if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(gateway))
                            {
                                config.SetGateways(new[] {gateway}, new ushort[] {1});
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
            }

        }
    }

Fonte completa: https://github.com/sverrirs/DnsHelper/blob/master/src/DnsHelperUI/NetworkManagement.cs

0
Sverrir Sigmundarson

As respostas existentes têm um código bastante quebrado. O método DNS não funciona de todo. Aqui está o código que usei para configurar meu NIC:

public static class NetworkConfigurator
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Set's a new IP Address and it's Submask of the local machine
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="ipAddress">The IP Address</param>
    /// <param name="subnetMask">The Submask IP Address</param>
    /// <param name="gateway">The gateway.</param>
    /// <param name="nicDescription"></param>
    /// <remarks>Requires a reference to the System.Management namespace</remarks>
    public static void SetIP(string nicDescription, string[] ipAddresses, string subnetMask, string gateway)
    {
        using (var networkConfigMng = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration"))
        {
            using (var networkConfigs = networkConfigMng.GetInstances())
            {
                foreach (var managementObject in networkConfigs.Cast<ManagementObject>().Where(mo => (bool)mo["IPEnabled"] && (string)mo["Description"] == nicDescription))
                {
                    using (var newIP = managementObject.GetMethodParameters("EnableStatic"))
                    {
                        // Set new IP address and subnet if needed
                        if (ipAddresses != null || !String.IsNullOrEmpty(subnetMask))
                        {
                            if (ipAddresses != null)
                            {
                                newIP["IPAddress"] = ipAddresses;
                            }

                            if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(subnetMask))
                            {
                                newIP["SubnetMask"] = Array.ConvertAll(ipAddresses, _ => subnetMask);
                            }

                            managementObject.InvokeMethod("EnableStatic", newIP, null);
                        }

                        // Set mew gateway if needed
                        if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(gateway))
                        {
                            using (var newGateway = managementObject.GetMethodParameters("SetGateways"))
                            {
                                newGateway["DefaultIPGateway"] = new[] { gateway };
                                newGateway["GatewayCostMetric"] = new[] { 1 };
                                managementObject.InvokeMethod("SetGateways", newGateway, null);
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Set's the DNS Server of the local machine
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="nic">NIC address</param>
    /// <param name="dnsServers">Comma seperated list of DNS server addresses</param>
    /// <remarks>Requires a reference to the System.Management namespace</remarks>
    public static void SetNameservers(string nicDescription, string[] dnsServers)
    {
        using (var networkConfigMng = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration"))
        {
            using (var networkConfigs = networkConfigMng.GetInstances())
            {
                foreach (var managementObject in networkConfigs.Cast<ManagementObject>().Where(mo => (bool)mo["IPEnabled"] && (string)mo["Description"] == nicDescription))
                {
                    using (var newDNS = managementObject.GetMethodParameters("SetDNSServerSearchOrder"))
                    {
                        newDNS["DNSServerSearchOrder"] = dnsServers;
                        managementObject.InvokeMethod("SetDNSServerSearchOrder", newDNS, null);
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
0
usr