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如何告诉distutils使用gcc?

我想用Cython包装一个包含C++和OpenMP代码的测试项目,并通过setup.py文件使用distutils构建它。我的文件内容如下所示:

from distutils.core import setup
from distutils.extension import Extension
from Cython.Build import cythonize
from Cython.Distutils import build_ext


modules = [Extension("Interface",
                     ["Interface.pyx", "Parallel.cpp"],
                     language = "c++",
                     extra_compile_args=["-fopenmp"],
                     extra_link_args=["-fopenmp"])]

for e in modules:
    e.cython_directives = {"embedsignature" : True}

setup(name="Interface",
     cmdclass={"build_ext": build_ext},
     ext_modules=modules)

-fopenmp标志与gcc一起用于编译和链接OpenMP。但是,如果我只是调用

cls ~/workspace/CythonOpenMP/src $ python3 setup.py build

这个标志无法识别,因为编译器是clang:

running build
running build_ext
skipping 'Interface.cpp' Cython extension (up-to-date)
building 'Interface' extension
cc -Wno-unused-result -fno-common -dynamic -DNDEBUG -g -O3 -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -I/usr/local/include -I/usr/local/opt/sqlite/include -I/usr/local/Cellar/python3/3.3.0/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.3/include/python3.3m -c Interface.cpp -o build/temp.macosx-10.8-x86_64-3.3/Interface.o -fopenmp
clang: warning: argument unused during compilation: '-fopenmp'
cc -Wno-unused-result -fno-common -dynamic -DNDEBUG -g -O3 -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -I/usr/local/include -I/usr/local/opt/sqlite/include -I/usr/local/Cellar/python3/3.3.0/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.3/include/python3.3m -c Parallel.cpp -o build/temp.macosx-10.8-x86_64-3.3/Parallel.o -fopenmp
clang: warning: argument unused during compilation: '-fopenmp'
Parallel.cpp:24:10: warning: unknown pragma ignored [-Wunknown-pragmas]
        #pragma omp parallel for
                ^
1 warning generated.
c++ -bundle -undefined dynamic_lookup -L/usr/local/lib -L/usr/local/opt/sqlite/lib build/temp.macosx-10.8-x86_64-3.3/Interface.o build/temp.macosx-10.8-x86_64-3.3/Parallel.o -o build/lib.macosx-10.8-x86_64-3.3/Interface.so -fopenmp
ld: library not found for -lgomp
clang: error: linker command failed with exit code 1 (use -v to see invocation)
error: command 'c++' failed with exit status 1

我没有尝试过指定gcc:

cls ~/workspace/CythonOpenMP/src $ python3 setup.py build --compiler=g++-4.7
running build
running build_ext
error: don't know how to compile C/C++ code on platform 'posix' with 'g++-4.7' compiler

如何判断distutils使用gcc?

52
clstaudt

尝试使用os.environ在setup.py中设置“CC”环境变量。

46
timotimo

以防万一其他人在Windows下面临同样的问题(CC环境变量不会产生任何影响):

  • 创建文件“C:\ Python27\Lib\distutils\distutils.cfg”并在里面写下:

代码:

[build]
compiler = mingw32
  • 从文件“C:\ Python27\Lib\distutils\cygwinccompiler.py”中删除“-mno-cygwin”gcc选项的所有实例:

这个 :

    self.set_executables(compiler='gcc -mno-cygwin -O -Wall',
                         compiler_so='gcc -mno-cygwin -mdll -O -Wall',
                         compiler_cxx='g++ -mno-cygwin -O -Wall',
                         linker_exe='gcc -mno-cygwin',
                         linker_so='%s -mno-cygwin %s %s'
                                    % (self.linker_dll, shared_option,
                                       entry_point))

变成这样:

self.set_executables(compiler='gcc -O -Wall',
                     compiler_so='gcc -mdll -O -Wall',
                     compiler_cxx='g++ -O -Wall',
                     linker_exe='gcc',
                     linker_so='%s %s %s'
                                % (self.linker_dll, shared_option,
                                   entry_point))

如果您使用的是最近版本的gcc,那么第二点可能是必要的,其中已删除了已弃用的选项-mno-cygwin

希望这会有所帮助,即使它与OP的实际需求没有直接关系(但仍然与问题的标题有关......)

19
Gauthier Boaglio

我刚看了一下distutils来源,而--compiler选项需要“unix”,“msvc”,“cygwin”,“mingw32”,“bcpp”或“emx”。它通过检查CC环境变量来检查所需的编译器名称。尝试像这样调用build:

CC=gcc python setup.py build

您不需要设置CXX,它不会检查它。

16
SethMMorton